It’s that time of year again, when turkeys and pumpkin pies fill our dreams, and parades with building-sized balloons fill our streets. In that spirit, here are four innovative Thanksgiving firsts:
1. Abraham Lincoln’s Thanksgiving Proclamation. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued the first Thanksgiving Proclamation, creating a national day of thanks. This proclamation was the precedent to the first official national holiday law in 1870. Thanks Abe!
2. Gimbel’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. Of Thanksgiving Day parades, the oldest in the nation may not be the one you’d expect. In 1920, Ellis Gimbel of Gimbel’s in Philadelphia was looking for a way to make his Toyland the stand-out destination for shoppers, and the Gimbel’s Thanksgiving Day Parade was born. This novelty paved the way for the creation of the much-loved Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in 1924, which today includes over 8,000 volunteers and brings an estimated 3.5 million folks out into the streets to watch.
3. Black Friday Commercialized. Today we’re familiar with the term “Black Friday” in reference to the crazed flurry of shopping. However, the first use of the term in connection with Thanksgiving actually originated with some weary cops who had to deal with the increase of traffic on the road on that day. Trailblazing retailers spun it back to shopping using a rumor indicating that the term actually referred to the shopping day putting those retailers back in the black financially.
4. National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation. This year marks the 67th anniversary of the presentation, in which the President of the United States chooses between two turkeys and issues one an official presidential pardon. In 2012, however, President Obama utilized a new method of determining which turkey to pardon: he crowdsourced the selection! Through a vote implemented on the White House’s Facebook page, American citizens cast their ballots and turkey Cobbler triumphed.
What innovation from history are you most thankful for this Thanksgiving?